Born February 5 in Santiago, Chile.
Spends his early years on the Caribbean island of Martinique.
Socialist Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile.
Returns to Santiago with his family. Enrolls in the Lycée Alliance Française.
Coup d’état in Chile: President Allende dies during the bombing of the presidential palace. Augusto Pinochet begins his 17-year long dictatorship.
Studies architecture and filmmaking. Completes early works in creative protest against the repressive government.
Decides to flee the dictatorship and move to Paris. A detour via New York offers him a job opportunity as an architect. Decides to stay.
Becomes a Guggenheim Fellow.
42nd Venice Biennale: first Latin American artist invited.
Documenta 8: first Latin American artist invited.
Travels to Rwanda in August as the genocide is ending. Works on The Rwanda Project for 6 years. Participates in the International Photographic Triennial in Oulu.
Creates One Million Finnish Passports for ARS 95 exhibition in Helsinki.
Becomes a MacArthur Fellow.
Second participation in Documenta 11 in Kassel, Germany.
Receives Spain’s Premio Extremadura a la Creación.
First major exhibition in Chile in 25 years.
Creates The Geometry of Conscience, a permanent memorial for the victims of the Pinochet regime, in Santiago.
Contributes to Kiasma’s ARS 11 exhibition.
Turku European Capital of Culture: Dear Markus created for the Contemporary Art Archipelago exhibition.
Major retrospective exhibition in three institutions in Berlin: Berlinische Galerie, Neue Gesellschaft für bildende Kunst e.V. and the Alte Nationalgalerie.
Represents Chile at the 55th Venice Biennale.
Receives Chile’s National Prize for the Arts, the highest art award in the country.