Biography

Alfredo Jaar

ALFREDO JAAR

1956
Born February 5 in Santiago, Chile.

1961-1971
Spends his early years on the Caribbean island of Martinique.

1970
Socialist Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile.
1971
Returns to Santiago with his family. Enrolls in the Lycée Alliance Française.
1973
Coup d’état in Chile: President Allende dies during the bombing of the presidential palace. Augusto Pinochet begins his 17-year long dictatorship.
1974–1981
Studies architecture and filmmaking. Completes early works in creative protest against the repressive government.

1982
Decides to flee the dictatorship and move to Paris. A detour via New York offers him a job opportunity as an architect. Decides to stay.
1985
Becomes a Guggenheim Fellow.
1986
42nd Venice Biennale: first Latin American artist invited.
1987
Documenta 8: first Latin American artist invited.

1994
Travels to Rwanda in August as the genocide is ending. Works on The Rwanda Project for 6 years. Participates in the International Photographic Triennial in Oulu.
1995
Creates One Million Finnish Passports for ARS 95 exhibition in Helsinki.

2000
Becomes a MacArthur Fellow.
2002
Second participation in Documenta 11 in Kassel, Germany.
2006
Receives Spain’s Premio Extremadura a la Creación.
First major exhibition in Chile in 25 years.

2010
Creates The Geometry of Conscience, a permanent memorial for the victims of the Pinochet regime, in Santiago.
2011
Contributes to Kiasma’s ARS 11 exhibition.
Turku European Capital of Culture: Dear Markus created for the Contemporary Art Archipelago exhibition.
2012
Major retrospective exhibition in three institutions in Berlin: Berlinische Galerie, Neue Gesellschaft für bildende Kunst e.V. and the Alte Nationalgalerie.
2013
Represents Chile at the 55th Venice Biennale.
2014
Receives Chile’s National Prize for the Arts, the highest art award in the country.